John Burn-Murdoch Interactive: a tale of five cities

The One North report proposes to upgrade infrastructure in the north of England, focusing on links between five cities: Leeds, Liverpool, Manchester, Newcastle and Sheffield.

Transport is its primary focus, with the ultimate aim of achieving journey times between the five cities short enough to create a fully interconnected regional economy.

One way of showing how well linked the five cities are is to look at commuter flows. The interactive graphic below shows total flows between the five cities, based on data from the 2011 UK census.

In total, 109,212 people commuted between any two of the five cities (including residences and workplaces in the surrounding areas). 38 per cent of these were travelling between South and West Yorkshire.

Flows between Merseyside and Greater Manchester were the next most numerous, followed by Greater Manchester and West Yorkshire.

Based on commuter patterns, Newcastle’s inclusion appears slightly incongruous, accounting as it does for only two per cent of commuters travelling between any two of the five regions.

Newcastle’s total is also just two per cent of all commuters in the UK travelling to or from the city and surrounding area. In each of the other four regions, commuting with fellow One North members accounts for between 14 per cent and 32 per cent of all commuting in the UK involving that region.

This article was corrected on August 11 to amend incorrect figures for Merseyside and Greater Manchester.